Friday, April 18, 2014

The Portlough Muster Roll 1630

One early primary source available for Scots-Irish research is the 1630 and 1642 muster rolls taken in those areas settled by Scots.  In the Laggan district in east Donegal the Scots' settlement was in the Portlough precinct.  It is interesting for several reasons, not only does it show Lowland Scottish settlement from Ayrshire, but also many Highland Scots from Argyll and Lennox.  In a muster such as this one the abled bodied men of every family in the district was expect to appear.  This makes the muster rolls function like a census.    If you have DNA tested and your match group includes links to the Laggan, your ancestor will very likely be on this muster roll.

Below is the entire Portlough 1630 muster roll.  The surnames have been left as they were written.

1.  The Lord Duke of Lynox, undertaker of 4000 acres, his men and armes
Swords Only
Robert Leackye
James Wood
Andrew Wood
Mathew Lyndsey
William Douglas
Robert Lyndsay
Robert Buchanan
John Galbreath
Alexander Buchanan
Alexander Lawder
James Denniston elder
Andrew Royare
William Laughlan
John Lowrye
John Ralston
William Cokeran
Hector Hinman
Robert Cocheran
John Buchanan
John mcConochy
Robert mcPeter
George Haldin
Robert Horner
Donell Galey
Robert mcKyndely
Robert Glass
Archbell Campbell
ffyndley mcKindley
Andrew mctyre
Alexander Galbreath
John mcKaire
John Thromble
John Smyth
Dunkan mcffarlen
Patrick mcNeron
Wm. McLentock
George Colmories
Robert mcffarlan
John mcffarlan
Patt  mcAndrew
Patt. mcArthur
Robert Denyston
Donnell mcBaxter
John Boyd
Humfrey Colquphone
William Gulilan
John Steward
John McIlman
John Scot
Robert Boyde
Thomas Lowrye
Swords and Snaphances
John Wood
John Martin
John mcLenochan
John Cambell elder
William Deneston
John Buchanan
John Cambell
John mcffarlan
Donnell mcffarlan
Robert Michell
Costyme Ranckein
John Allen
Gilbert mcLyntock
John Brice
James Allan
Dunkan Speney
Thomas Ramsey
John Cock
James Cock
Andrew Cock
William Scot
John mcCawly
John mcGourden
Andrew Lackye
James mcKennye
James Hustone
Robert Lackye
Snaphances Only
James Dromond
Archbald Gambell
Swords and Pikes
Morrice mcConnell
John Cocheran
John Snodgarse
John Cambell younger
Owen mcNair
David Lyndsay
Alexander mcLentock
Robert Aickeene
Robert Morison
James Kilsoe
Donnell mcNichol
Dunkan Cambell
Donnell mcBaxter elder
Robert Barlaine
James Richye
John Swayne
John Valentyne
Dunkan Graham
Pikes Only
Robert Calmeris
Andrew Calmeris
Sword and Halbert
Hugh Greire
Sword and Calleuer
John mcffarlan
No Arms
John Royer,
Morrice Peacock
Walter Lowrye
William mcNevin
Robert Campbell
John mcKyndley
David mcKan
John mcIldonagh
Dunkan mcffarlan
John Crawfford
John Sempell
James Symison
William mcarthur
Robert Reroch
Thomas Crafford
Camack mcCole
Henry Cruse
John Barlone
Thomas Swaine
Patrick Porlerm
Randall mcAlexander
John Douglas
James Logan
Alexander Hamond
Mathew Gillrew
William Hewes
Robert Leman
Donnell mcCahey
Adam Quahone
Neece mcGilrouse
John mcffarlan
Walter Deneston
Anthony Steward
William Noble
John Parmenter
Andrew Galbreath
Willliam Wood
John Wood
John Steward
James Deneston
James Muthey
John Pecock
Walter Roger
Robert Craufourd
John Brittein
Archbald Ballintyne
John Young
Thomas mcKeeg
Gawen mcConnell
John Logan
John Watson
Lamock mcColl
Walter Henry
John Buchanan
Robert Cambell
David Gibb
Dunkan Crafford
John Pearce
George Allyson
John mcGillione
2.  The Lady Conningham Widdow of Sir James Conningham, undertaker of 2,000 acres, her men and armes.
Swords and Pikes
William Conningham
James Calquahan
Andrew mcCorkill
John mcCorkill
Tobias Hood
James Davye
Peter Starret
John mcquchowne
James Knox
Adam Garvance
Swords and Snaphances
James mcAdowe
ffyndlay Ewing
Dunkan mcffarlan
Ninian ffoulton
James Scot
William Rankin
Daniell Ramsay
Martin Galbreath
Patrick Porter
 Swords and Calleuers
William mcIltherne
David Walker
John Barbor
Sword and Halbert
James Makee
 Swords Only
Andrew George
James mcIlman
Michaell Rot[h?]es
Patrick Miller
Robert Muntgomery
Alexander Conningham
Richard Leaky
Robert Staret
John mcIlhome
Sallomon Giffin
David Reed
Donnell mcDonnell
Alexander Carlell
William Gafeth
No Arms
Gilbert Highgate
Patrick Porter
Robert Hasta
William Gambell
John Hunter
John Crawfford
Robert Johnston
Henry Smyth
William Boyes
David Ramsay
William Steward
Robert Crafford
James Conningham
Andrew Conningham
John Crafford
John Hunter
John Wilson
James Bredyne
Mungo Davy
William Richey
John mcIlhome
Henry Hunter
John mcHutchon
James Rankin
William Killy
Robert Pots
William Gambell
John Lyone
James Knox
3.  William Steward Esqr.  Lard of Dunduff, undertaker of 1,000 acres, his men and armes.
Swords Only
Archbald Thomson
Andrew Thompson
Robert Alexander
John mcKey
David Kenedye
Patrick Baruzathyn
Anthony Steward
John Steward
Archbald Steward
John Browne
Andrew Browne
Edward Roger
John Moore,
John mcCullagh
John Moire
Patrick Conningham
John Allyson
John Smeally
 Swords and Pikes
John Davidson
Archbald mcEmmory
Roary mcCleane
Patrick Thomson
Donnell Or
Mungo David
John Cambell
John mcLynienie
Archbald Hourd
William Houston
James mcKee
Anthony Kenedy
George Steward
John mcClen
John Cambell
Hugh Gamill
 Swords and Muskets
Robert Thomson
John ffife
 Swords and Snaphances
James Squire
John Conningham
Steaphen Marshell
John Smyth
Michaell Smith
Michaell mcCleary
Donnell Cambell
Archbald Bredene
No Arms
John Kelly
Humphrey Cooke
William Wan
ffynley mcKirdly
Alexander mcClaney
John Conningham
John mcffay
Donnell mcNevin alias McNit
John mcKee younger
John mcWalker
James mcKergour
David Kenedy
Alexander mcWilliam
Patrick Steward
Donnell mcCarslaire
James Kenellye
John Campbell
 4.  Mr. Alexander Steward, undertaker of 1,000 acres, his men and armes.
Swords and Pikes
John mcIlwane
Callum mcMuyre
James Cambell
Robert mcKenily
William To[y]es
William Conningham
William Home
Neall mcCurid
Alexander Cambell
Swords and Snaphances
Alexander Cambell
John mcKenely
Robert Boyd
Robert Henedy
Storiment Carr
Sword and Musket
John Niweme younger
Sword and Target
Walter mcffarlen
Swords Only
John Kennan
Ninian Steward
No Arms
Andrew Cambell
Gilbert mcKenny
John Gillaspy
Robert Steward
John Steward
Archbald Steward
William Cambell
James ffyfe
Arch Alexander
John Roger
John Boyill
William Boyill
John Cambell
Gilbert mcCan
 5.  James conningham Esqr.  undertaker of 1,000 acres, his men and armes.
Swords Only
Andrew Crafford
John Gills
Hugh Lokehart
Arch ffynlagh
ffynlay mcCredy
John Browne
Swords and Pikes
John Alexander
George White
Snaphances Only
Andrew Arnott
John Alexander
Adnarle Hoomes
Robert Graham
Swords and Snaphances
John Smyth
William Gall
Andrew Smyth
James Gillmore
Robert Roger
Thomas Roger
Thomas Lars
John Adam
Robert Davison
Michaeli Beare
Swords and Halberts
Robert mcKeene
Mathew Giesse
No Arms
James ffulloone
George Steavenson
Joseph Browne
William Galbreath
Hugh Leag
Andrew Browne
John Harper
Thomas Stole
Patrick Robison
John Enery
Andrew Leag
John Hururence
John Hamilton
James ffulloone
Robert Patterson
John Cunningham
George Naught
Hugh Leag
James Browne
John mcEuan
George Speare
Mathew mcCadame
John Dyne
Andrew Dyne
Arch Boyle
John Calwell
Robert mcCamy
Robert mcCamy younger
Dunkan mcWrick
Thomas Richmoule
John mcJohn Keine
Mungo Willy
Andrew Cambell
Hugh Mure
Andrew Callhow
6.  Mr. John Steward, undertaker of 1,000 acres, his men and armes.
Swords Only
Arch Steward
Andrew Cambell
William Cambell
Illime mcKaine
James ffife
John Steward
Pike Only
John Barkly
Sword and Snaphance
William Conningham
Sword and Pike
John Bullesine
Pike Only
Robert Steward
John Boyle
John Roger
Arch Alexander
No Arms
William Conningham


Thursday, April 17, 2014

The Scots-Irish DNA Project

The Scots-Irish DNA project is open to men that have done Y chromosome paternal DNA testing with Family Tree labs.  To join go to your Projects link on your Family Tree page and tick the Scots-Irish project when it comes up. 

If your surname does not appear in the list of Scots-Irish surnames in the project, just send a note to the project administrators. 

The project will assist Scots-Irish families with genealogy and family history research.  The project is open only to men of Scots-Irish ancestry.

You may also use the link below to join the project.

LINK:  The Scots-Irish DNA Project

Wednesday, April 2, 2014

Portrait of David Crockett

One could make a very good case that David Crockett is the most famous Scots-Irish man that there has been to date.  (Though Neil Armstrong would also be in the running).   The portrait above was done in 1834 by New York painter Samuel Stillman Osgood (1808-1885). On a lithograph printed by Childs & Leman, Philadelphia, David Crockett wrote: "I am happy to acknowledge this to be the only correct likeness that has been taken of me. David Crockett."

Monday, March 31, 2014

The shaded areas in the map above show where Scots-Irish settled and became the dominate ethnic group.  These areas also represent where Scots-Irish are still found in large numbers in the 21st Century.  The Appalachian area contains a core Scots-Irish area and runs from West Virginia down to the Mississippi Hill Country.  There are two other core Scots-Irish areas, east Texas and the Arkansas mountains, both the Ozarks and Ouachitas.

Thursday, March 27, 2014

Sex and the Scots-Irish

An interesting quote from Anglican missionary Charles Woodmason when visiting Scots-Irish backsettlments in the Carolinas in the 1760s: "How would the polite people of London stare, to see the Females (many very pretty) . . . ," he wrote. "The young women have a most uncommon practice, which I cannot break them of. They draw their shirt as tight as possible round their Breasts, and slender waists (for they are generally very finely shaped) and draw their Petticoat close to their Hips to show the fineness of their limbs as that they might as well be in purl naturalibus indeed nakedness is not censurable or indecent here, and they expose themselves often quite naked, without ceremony rubbing themselves and their hair with bears' oil and tying it up behind in a bunch like the indians being hardly one degree removed from them. In a few years I hope to bring about a reformation." 

The Goliad Massacre

On 27 March 1836, some 342 Texan soldiers were executed by the Mexican army in what would be known as the Goliad Massacre.  This was in the opening phase of the Texas War for Independence. The majority of the Texican soldiers were Scots-Irish.  Many of the settlers in Texas were from Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Arkansas and predominately Scots-Irish.

Troutman Goliad Flag

Above is one of the flags used by Texican troops at Goliad.  The single star flag had been used by Scots-Irish people since 1810. 

Link to roster of Texican soldiers at Goliad:  Colonel James Fannin's Command

Tuesday, March 25, 2014

Battle of Horseshoe Bend 27 March 1814

Americans troops circa 1814
A very famous day in Scots-Irish history is 27 March which is the anniversary of the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.  On this day in 1814 General Andrew Jackson led force consisting of 2,600 American soldiers, 500 Cherokee, and 100 Lower Creek allies to attach the Red Stick Creek fort  defended by 1,000 warriors on Horseshoe Bend on the Tallapoosa River.  The majority of Jackson’s men were Scots-Irish.

The battle began in full at 10:30 that morning with an artillery barrage which consisted of two cannons firing for about two hours.  However, the Red Stick Creek fort was expertly constructed of heavy timber and earth.  Very little damage was done to fortifications and the Red Stick Creek were entirely safe and well supplied behind their walls.
Horseshoe Bend today
Jackson ordered a bayonet charge and the 39th US Infantry led by Colonel John Williams charged the breastworks and engaged the Red Sticks in hand to hand combat.  Sam Houston was an officer that participated in the battle.  He distinguished himself greatly; he was the first man to survive going over the log barricade into the Red Stick lines.  He was wounded by an arrow, a wound that troubled him the rest of his life.  David Crockett was a scout for Jackson’s army, he was scouting when the engagement took place, and while was in the vicinity, did not participate in the fighting of that day.   

More of Jackson's army under General John Coffee crossed the river and joined in the battle.  The fighting was extremely intense and lasted over five hours.  Eventfully Jackson got the upper hand and the Red Stick defenses collapsed.  The Red Stick losses were heavy, between 800 to 1000 dead.  Their Chief, Menawa, was wounded, but survived and led a party of his warriors across the river to safety and escaped to Spanish Florida.  The Scots-Irish losses were between 30 to 40 killed and around 150 wounded. The victory made the area safe for the Scots-Irish settlers.